白酒可以用不锈钢容器存储吗?

发布于:2020-05-15 15:10:58  来源:http://www.qfrtrq.com

酒厂一般采用不锈钢白酒桶储藏白酒。基酒一般有两种,数量较少时采用陶坛、木海、竹海等,数量较多采用不锈钢。也会有人疑问,白酒可以用不锈钢容器储存吗?白酒用不锈钢容器会不会影响酒质?今天酿酒师许晓丽就来告诉大家。
Distilleries generally use stainless steel liquor barrels to store liquor. There are generally two kinds of base liquor. When the quantity is small, pottery altar, wooden sea, bamboo sea, etc. are used, and stainless steel is used more. It will also be questioned, can liquor be stored in stainless steel containers? Will stainless steel containers affect liquor quality? Today, winemaker Xu Xiaoli will tell you.
白酒生产过程中的传统贮(盛)酒容器,有酒坛、酒瓮、酒海、酒(木)箱、酒篓等。目前酿酒业使用的贮存容器,可以分为陶瓷容器、血料容器、金属容器、水泥池四类。
The traditional containers for storing (holding) liquor in the process of liquor production include wine jar, wine urn, wine sea, wine (wood) box, wine basket, etc. At present, the storage containers used in wine making industry can be divided into four categories: ceramic containers, blood containers, metal containers and cement tanks.
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1、陶瓷容器以陶坛、陶罐、陶瓮为较多,是用陶土烧制而成,一般形状为圆形,大腹小口,外部涂釉或内外涂釉。是我国较古老的人工制作的贮酒和盛酒容器,使用的历史较长、应用较广泛。过去流通过程中用的几乎都是小型的陶坛、陶罐,用来运输和售卖散酒。陶瓷容器的优点是可以保持酒质,空气容易进入,从而促进酒的老熟,而且成本较低。酒在陶瓷容器中贮存越久,则溶出的金属越多,酒的颜色越黄。所以,酒的颜色与贮存年限有关。在相同年限中,容器的材质和质量不同,着色度相差也很大。在陶瓷类容器中,不论是陶瓷容器还是镶嵌瓷砖的水泥贮存池,钙的溶出量较多,镁的溶出量次之,再次是铜和铁的溶出量。据研究,这些金属离子溶于酒中,对酒的老熟起到重要作用。陶瓮是我国酿酒业广泛采用的一种传统贮存容器,是长期生产实践的理想选择。至今,一些名优酒厂仍然使用陶瓮贮存原酒和成品酒,并且对陶瓮的质量精挑细选,十分注意。
1. Ceramic containers are mainly made of pottery jars, pots and urns. They are usually made of pottery clay, with a round shape, a large belly and a small mouth. They are glazed externally or internally. It is an ancient container for storing and holding wine, which has a long history and is widely used. In the past, almost all of them used small pottery jars and pots to transport and sell bulk liquor. The advantage of ceramic container is that it can keep the quality of wine, and the air is easy to enter, so as to promote the aging of wine, and the cost is low. The longer the wine is stored in a ceramic container, the more metals it dissolves and the yellower its color. Therefore, the color of wine is related to the storage life. In the same age, the container's material and quality are different, and the coloring degree is also very different. In ceramic containers, no matter in ceramic containers or cement storage tanks inlaid with ceramic tiles, the dissolution of calcium is more, followed by that of magnesium, and then copper and iron. According to the research, these metal ions dissolved in wine play an important role in the aging of wine. Pottery urn is a traditional storage container widely used in China's brewing industry, which is an ideal choice for long-term production practice. Up to now, some famous distilleries still use pottery urn to store the original and finished wine, and pay attention to the quality of pottery urn.
2、血料容器中国传统贮酒容器是用荆条或竹篾编制而成酒海、酒坛、酒篓等,用多层桑皮纸裱糊,涂血料制成。还有用木板制成的酒箱或水泥池内裱糊多层桑皮纸并涂以血料,作为贮酒容器的。以上两者统称血料容器,它是中国传统的贮酒容器,有悠久的历史。
2. Blood container traditional Chinese wine container is made of Jingtiao or bamboo strips into wine sea, wine jar, wine basket, etc., which is pasted with multi-layer mulberry paper and coated with blood materials. In addition, the wine box or cement pool made of wood is pasted with multi-layer mulberry paper and coated with blood material as a wine storage container. The above two are collectively referred to as blood container, which is a traditional Chinese wine container with a long history.
“血料”是用动物血(多用猪血)和石灰制成的一种具有可塑性的蛋白质胶质盐,与酒精形成半渗透的薄膜,这种薄膜的特性是水能渗透而酒精不能渗透,对酒度 30度以上的白酒有良好的防渗作用, 30度以下的白酒因为水的所占比例较大,容易渗透血料纸而引起损耗,贮存过久,还会将血料纸层泡软而致使脱落。所以不宜用血料容器来贮存 30度以下白酒。血料容器的优点是可以就地取材,成本较低,不易损坏。大型的酒篓(酒海)、酒箱每个装酒可达 5吨以上。据说血料容器贮酒会对酒质的保持起良好作用。用酒海装酒,超过三年,虽酒度不变但酒色有变黄的趋向。
"Blood material" is a kind of plastic protein colloid salt made of animal blood (mostly pig blood) and lime, which forms a semi permeable membrane with alcohol. The characteristic of this membrane is that water can penetrate but alcohol can't. It has a good anti-seepage function for liquor with alcohol content of more than 30 degrees, Because of the large proportion of water, the liquor below 30 ℃ is easy to penetrate into the blood paper and cause loss. If it is stored for too long, the paper layer of the blood paper will be soft and fall off. Therefore, it is not suitable to use blood container to store liquor below 30 ℃. The advantages of the blood container are that it can take local materials, low cost and not easy to damage. Large wine baskets (wine sea) and wine boxes can hold more than 5 tons of wine each. It is said that wine storage in blood containers will play a good role in maintaining the quality of wine. It has been more than three years since the sea of wine was used to pack wine. Although the alcohol content is constant, the wine color tends to turn yellow.
3、木制容器白酒酿造中一般不使用纯木制容器,白兰地、威士忌使用橡木桶贮存,可得到特殊效果。
3. Wooden containers in liquor brewing generally do not use pure wooden containers. Brandy and whisky can be stored in oak barrels with special effects.
4、其他容器随着酒业生产的发展和现代材料的不断出现,不少制酒者采用了金属大型容器,来解决陶瓷、血料容器贮存量小的问题。①不锈钢容器。不锈钢稳定性极好,不易氧化耐腐蚀,目前酒厂大量使用不锈钢容器来贮存白酒。②贮酒池(水泥池)。是现代生产酒业的一种大型贮酒容器,用钢筋水泥结构,建筑于地下、半地下或地上。
4. With the development of wine industry and the continuous emergence of modern materials, many winemakers have adopted large metal containers to solve the problem of small storage capacity of ceramic and blood containers. ① Stainless steel container. Stainless steel has excellent stability and is not easy to be oxidized and corrosion-resistant. At present, stainless steel containers are widely used in distilleries to store liquor. ② Wine storage tank (cement tank). It is a kind of large-scale wine storage container in modern wine industry, which is constructed in the underground, semi underground or on the ground with reinforced cement structure.
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