1. Gong: a wine vessel with a head shaped cover. "The book of songs" South Zhou "roll ear:" my aunt drink Bi Gong, Wei to not hurt forever. "
Gong is an ancient wine vessel of Han nationality. It was popular from late Shang Dynasty to early Western Zhou Dynasty. Oval or square body, round foot or quadruped. To make into a horned animal's head or long snout, curled like a head. Some toasts are made into animal shapes, with the head and back as the cover, the body as the abdomen and the four legs as the feet. And the decoration pattern of the Gong is similar to that of the victim Zun and the bird and beast shaped you, so some people mistake it for the animal shaped Zun. However, the Gong is different from the animal shaped statue. The head of the Gong is made to connect the back of the animal. The flowing part of the Gong is the animal shaped neck, which can be used for pouring wine.
2. Gong Chong: wine glass and wine Chong. Alcohol preparation is used to calculate the amount of alcohol consumed. In Ouyang Xiu's the drunken man Pavilion, "among the shooters, Yi wins, and ~ ~ crisscross. Those who sit up and make noise are all happy. It refers to wine utensils and wine orders. Explanation: glasses and chips. Wine chip is used to calculate the quantity of drinking.
3. Lei: a vessel with the same shape as a pot for wine. "Book of songs" South Zhou "roll ear:" my aunt drink Bijin ~, Wei to not forever parents. " "Ceremonial vessels" in the book of Rites: "above the temple, ~ revered in Chu." (阼: steps in the east of ancient times, welcome and guest place)
It is a large wine vessel and ritual vessel in ancient Han Dynasty. It was popular from the late Shang Dynasty to the mid spring and Autumn period. The volume is slightly smaller than that of Yi nationality. There are two kinds of "Xi" (square) and "round". The "square" appeared in the late Shang Dynasty, while the "round" appeared in the early Shang and Zhou dynasties. From the Shang Dynasty to the Zhou Dynasty, the form of "Li" gradually changed from thin and tall to short and thick, and the pattern of red tape became less and less, becoming plain and elegant. An ancient vessel for holding wine. Small mouth, wide shoulder, deep abdomen, ring foot, cover, mostly made of bronze or pottery. A toilet utensil.
4. Venerable: ancient wine vessel (same bottle). "Guanzi Zhongkuang": "gongzhijue, Madame Zhi ~, three lines of Guanzi from the cup tend to come out." Yuan Zhen's "wine" poem: "wine is full of fragrance, living rather than open your face?"
Zun, now Zuotai, is a large and medium-sized wine container of Han nationality in Shang and Zhou dynasties. Bronze ware, Zun's shape is ring foot, round belly or square belly, long neck, open mouth, large caliber. Veneration prevailed from Shang Dynasty to Western Zhou Dynasty, but it was rare in the late spring and Autumn period. The more famous one is the four sheep square. From the Shang and Zhou Dynasties to the Warring States period, there was another special type of wine container Yi. Yi is usually in the shape of birds and beasts, with the images of sheep, tigers, elephants, rags, cattle, horses, birds, geese, Phoenix, etc. "Zhou Li, Chun Guan, Si Zun Yi": "in the spring ancestral hall, in the summer, the naked chicken, the Yi bird, and the naked tiger are used to pursue the enjoyment of the dynasty. "Yi's patterns are gorgeous, with a venerable cover on the back or head.
7. Zhong: wine vessel. Ban Gu's "Dongdu Fu": "so the court is really thousands of goods, will wine million ~." "Clock" is a kind of measuring container in ancient China, and it is also regarded as a unit of measurement.
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