酿酒设备的工作原理是什么?

发布于:2019-03-08 13:01:55  来源:;

白酒的出产设备是指用于制酒原料的蒸煮、糖化、发酵、蒸馏的设备。
Liquor production equipment refers to the equipment used for cooking, saccharification, fermentation and distillation of liquor raw materials.
生料酿制优质白酒,在这一实际操作过程中不存在蒸煮、糖化(生料酿制是边发酵边糖化),而发酵容器用简略的胶桶、陶瓷缸、木桶等都可以,以下首要叙述蒸馏设备。
There is no cooking and saccharification in the process of producing high-quality liquor from raw materials (raw material is saccharification while fermentation). The fermentation container can be made from simple rubber barrels, ceramic cylinders, wooden barrels and so on. The distillation equipment is described above.
在很多蒸馏设备中,不管传统设备仍是新式设备,其原理都是相同的:完成这个操作的过程称之为蒸馏。蒸馏是使用组分蒸发性的不同,别离液态混合物的单元操作(蒸馏可以分为蒸腾、别离、冷却几个过程,习惯上统称为蒸馏)。
In many distillation equipment, whether traditional or new, the principle is the same: the process of completing this operation is called distillation. Distillation is a unit operation that separates liquid mixtures by using different evaporative components (distillation can be divided into transpiration, separation and cooling processes, commonly referred to as distillation).
把液态混合物或固态发酵酒醅加热使液体欢腾,生成的蒸气比本来混合物含有较多的易蒸发组分,剩余混合物中含有较多的难蒸发组分,因而可使本来混合物的组分得到部分或完全别离。生成的蒸气经冷凝而成液体。
The liquid mixture or solid fermented grains are heated to make the liquid exhilarate. The vapor generated contains more evaporable components than the original mixture. The remaining mixture contains more difficult evaporable components, so the components of the original mixture can be partially or completely separated. The resulting vapor is condensed into a liquid.
蒸馏的方法较多,首要有简略蒸馏和精馏等。在白酒出产中,将酒及其伴生的香味成分从固态发酵酒醅或液态发酵醪中别离浓缩,得到白酒所需求的含很多微量香味成分及酒精的单元操作称为节(或称为蒸馏),它归于简略蒸馏。白酒的蒸馏分固态发酵蒸馏法、液态发酵蒸馏法及固液结合串香蒸馏法多种。
There are many distillation methods, such as simple distillation and distillation. In liquor production, liquor and its associated aroma components are separated and concentrated from solid fermented grains or liquid fermented mashes, and the unit operation of obtaining liquor with many trace aroma components and alcohol is called Jie (or distillation), which is attributed to simple distillation. Liquor distillation can be divided into solid fermentation distillation, liquid fermentation distillation and solid-liquid combined with fragrance distillation.
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